Brain Computer Interfaces: Future technology that may assist people with ALS with communication and other tasks
According to the ALS Association: "The concept of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) technology is a topic of interest for many individuals and the families of individuals who experience significant physical limitations, including those with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). This technology is known by many monikers, including Brain Computer Interface (BCI), Brain-Machine Interface (BMI), Direct Brain Interface (DBI), and neuro-brain transmission. Traditional assistive technology and computer input devices depend on small but reliable muscle movements that patients lose as the disease progresses. BCIs detect small changes in brain signals to provide a path of control for devices that does not depend on muscle movement. BCIs do not communicate or interpret thoughts, however, they do detect minute changes in brain signals to enable a path of control that does not depend on muscle movement."